What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in the United States. Glaucoma is a condition where pressure builds inside the eye.
Why Does Glaucoma Cause Vision Loss?
The increased pressure in the eye caused by glaucoma, called intraocular pressure, can lead to damage of the optic nerve. This nerve is located at the back of the eye and is essential to vision since it is the pathway where images are sent to the brain. When the optic nerve is damaged, the brain does not receive the proper “signals” and can result in reduced vision and eventually blindness.
What Are the Signs of Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is often referred to as the “silent thief of sight” because, most often, damage to the eye caused by glaucoma is silent until extensive, irreversible loss of vision has occurred. The first signs of glaucoma are often reduced peripheral vision (side vision). Without treatment, glaucoma can cause permanent blindness within just a few years.
Who Is at Risk for Glaucoma?
The following factors can contribute to a person’s risk for glaucoma:
- African ancestry
- Eye injuries
- Severe anemia or shock
If You Are Concerned About Glaucoma
If you are concerned you might have or could be at risk for glaucoma, please call our expert staff at (615) 859-3937 to schedule a comprehensive eye exam that we can assess your current visual health, including whether or not you have glaucoma.